algebra of residue classes

algebra of residue classes
алгебра остаточных классов

English-Russian dictionary of computer science and programming. 2013.

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Смотреть что такое "algebra of residue classes" в других словарях:

  • Quadratic residue — In number theory, an integer q is called a quadratic residue modulo n if it is congruent to a perfect square modulo n; i.e., if there exists an integer x such that: Otherwise, q is called a quadratic nonresidue modulo n. Originally an abstract… …   Wikipedia

  • Valuation (algebra) — In algebra (in particular in algebraic geometry or algebraic number theory), a valuation is a function on a field that provides a measure of size or multiplicity of elements of the field. They generalize to commutative algebra the notion of size… …   Wikipedia

  • Durand–Kerner method — In numerical analysis, the Durand–Kerner method established 1960–66 and named after E. Durand and Immo Kerner, also called the method of Weierstrass, established 1859–91 and named after Karl Weierstrass, is a root finding algorithm for… …   Wikipedia

  • Modular arithmetic — In mathematics, modular arithmetic (sometimes called clock arithmetic) is a system of arithmetic for integers, where numbers wrap around after they reach a certain value the modulus. The Swiss mathematician Leonhard Euler pioneered the modern… …   Wikipedia

  • modular arithmetic — arithmetic in which numbers that are congruent modulo a given number are treated as the same. Cf. congruence (def. 2), modulo, modulus (def. 2b). [1955 60] * * * sometimes referred to as  modulus arithmetic  or  clock arithmetic        in its… …   Universalium

  • Valuation ring — In abstract algebra, a valuation ring is an integral domain D such that for every element x of its field of fractions F , at least one of x or x 1 belongs to D .Given a field F , if D is a subring of F such that either x or x 1 belongs to D for… …   Wikipedia

  • Gaussian period — In mathematics, in the area of number theory, a Gaussian period is a certain kind of sum of roots of unity. They permit explicit calculations in cyclotomic fields, in relation both with Galois theory and with harmonic analysis (discrete Fourier… …   Wikipedia

  • Multiplicative group of integers modulo n — In modular arithmetic the set of congruence classes relatively prime to the modulus n form a group under multiplication called the multiplicative group of integers modulo n. It is also called the group of primitive residue classes modulo n. In… …   Wikipedia

  • Homology theory — In mathematics, homology theory is the axiomatic study of the intuitive geometric idea of homology of cycles on topological spaces. It can be broadly defined as the study of homology theories on topological spaces. Simple explanation At the… …   Wikipedia

  • Modular representation theory — is a branch of mathematics, and that part of representation theory that studies linear representations of finite group G over a field K of positive characteristic. As well as having applications to group theory, modular representations arise… …   Wikipedia

  • Algebraic number field — In mathematics, an algebraic number field (or simply number field) F is a finite (and hence algebraic) field extension of the field of rational numbers Q. Thus F is a field that contains Q and has finite dimension when considered as a vector… …   Wikipedia


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